Importance’s Of Fertilizers
It’s a method whereby soil original packing s altered creating small holes essential for air penetration, water and nutrients.
Fertilizers are natural or synthetic materials added to the soil, plants or part of the plant which improves the growth, fertilization and yielding of the plants, this is achieved by either the fertilizers providing nutrients or enhancing effectiveness of the soil to aerate or increase its water retention.
Adjustment of actual soil composition promotes oxygenation and water absorption in the soil which increases yields and quality products as the soil is fertile.
Potassium nutrients will help in soils aeration improving better movement of water, phosphorus increases fruiting and flowering while nitrogen helps in leaf growth of the plants and these are the nutrients needed in large quantities.
As much as fertilizers improve soils fertility and yield production, they should be applied regarding some factors like the type of soil and plants as some can make their own nutrients from the atmosphere like legumes.
For adequate crop growth and maximum production of the soil it’s vital for the soil to be well aerated and fertile; aerated soil improves the carbon dioxide-oxygen exchange in the soil.
Fertilizers improve microorganism population activity in the soil as they require oxygen for survival in the soil and the deficiency of oxygen in the soils slows down the rate of these microbial activity leading to either drying up of crops.
If there is poor aeration in the soil, waste gases may never get a way out of the soil and may end up bidding up with nutrients forming hazardous gases that may lead to abrupt drying of crops.
Fertilizers assist to increase yields and promote healthy growth of plants; plants which have been well cultivated and given the correct type of fertilizers end up giving higher yields. In fact some nutrients like phosphorus in fertilizers aids in the faster formation of seeds and root development.
Fertilizers increase the ability of plants to hold water and thus becoming more resistant in cases of drought; those containing potassium nutrient are the best as they help in strengthening of stalk and straws of plants.
Fertilizers key function is to make the soils fertile and keep them aerated as possible, application of natural fertilizers like manures can solve all soil problems and keep them aerated.
Application of fertilizers and manures in the farm puts its aerated and fertile for a long period of time such that one needs not to put it in the next farming season even after cultivation.